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Presenter: Dr Chux Daniels, University of Sussex, United Kingdom
Presenter: Prof Mammo Muchie, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa
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The world is now undergoing two major changes; the first is the 4th industrial revolution is upon us. The second is the demand that the entire world must implement the 17 sustainable development goals and 169 targets for green industrialization. Given these two challenges, at a time when Africa is still an agricultural and mineral based economy, there is a real need to find and discover a new transformation or development path for Africa.
Colonialism did not transform African agriculture and mineral based economy. Policies emanating from development economics studies that replaced direct colonial policy also have failed to transform Africa’s predominantly agricultural and mineral based economy. The problem is that the policy guidelines that came from the development economics studies have not helped to eradicate poverty or transform the agricultural and raw material based economy in Africa.
There is currently a new experiment with the innovation systems approach. There is suggestion that transformative innovation can make changes where colonial and development studies policies failed. The real question now is if indeed combining innovation and development can make a difference to promote Africa’s transformation by addressing the challenge of African industrialisation by breaking the current value chain by leapfrogging from mechanical to digital economy. The linking of development studies with innovation studies was highlighted when “The Putting Africa First: The Making of African Innovation Systems” conference was organized in Aalborg, Denmark. Subsequently the book (with this title) came out in 2003 when the first Globelics conference was launched in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The new field of development and innovation studies has now been on the research agenda for over a decade. The search to reflect and address Africa’s integrated transformation and development at the time when the 4th industrial revolution is upon the world is urgently needed. The Presentation in the Science Talk will introduce ways for rediscovering/revisioning new approaches to address the Africa’s development challenges at this time of the 4thIndustrial revolution.
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Professor Mammo Muchie holds a DPhil in Science, Technology, and Innovation for Development (STI&D) from the University of Sussex. UK. He is currently a DST/NRF rated Research Professor at the Faculty of Management Sciences, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa. He is a fellow of the South African Academy of Sciences and the African Academy of Sciences. He is also currently adjunct Professor at the Adama Science, Technology University, Arsi University, Addis Ababa University and University of Gondar, Ethiopia. He has been senior research associate at the SPMTDC programme and also has become Senior Research Associate at the TMD Centre of Oxford University. He is collaborating with researchers (DILIC) on the potential research areas of Africa-China industrial high-technology sectors. He has been invited as Associate Faculty professor at Sussex University, UK for the next three years; at the University of Economics in Prague as visiting professor, Jawarahal Nehru University India, Tonji and Shanghai University, China; Honorary Professor Jiaxing University, China, Assistant Professor Amsterdam University, Visiting Professor Carleton College, USA; Principal Lecturer, Middlesex University, Professor, Aalborg University; Part–time Lecturer, Cambridge University; Honorary Professor UNISA. Professor Mammo held various positions globally, including the Director of the Research Programme on Civil Society and African Integration at the then University of Kwa Zulu-Natal; board member at the North Western University, Chengdu, China.
He is currently the chairman of the advisory board of African Talent hub of the Community Interest Company (registration no.10461990) to raise funds for making Africa the talent, innovation, entrepreneurship, creativity and knowledge hub of the world. He has been appointed as special distinguished advisor to the Africa Union’s Student Council and a mentor for the African Entrepreneurship award. He has initiated the African Unity for Renaissance and Knowledge Exchange series of conferences since the last six years. He is a founding scientific advisor to ´the African Solar network, founding chairman of the Network of Ethiopian scholars. He has lead the SIDA, Sweden funded research on engineering design and on transformative innovation for African integrated development and educate on public media to speed up the creation of innovative and renascent Africa. He is also a co-founding member of the Nano Technology Institute in TUT leading the innovation side of the research.
He is a founding board member of Globelics, focusing research on the challenges of building African innovation systems. He has promoted Africa and highlighted African Innovation and Development in Globelics foundation. He has served as scientific board members in a variety of networks including ICAT, Medalics as part of the founding scientific board member of the network that connects North Africa, with the Middle East and Southern Europe, co-founder of the Africalics network. He taught over 400 doctoral candidates in doctoral academies across the world in the Globelics, Africalics, Cicalics, Indialics networks. He has taken major initiatives for running Doctoral and Masters Academy in various universities in Africa and all over the world. One such academy is recently organised by the Association of Common Wealth Universities. Also, he has been invited for many keynote addresses and lectures in Africa and world-wide.
Perhaps one of the most significant contributions to promote the emerging field on innovation studies in Africa was the South African research Chairs Initiative (SARChI). The first chair on Innovation Studies supported by the DST/NRF in South Africa was awarded to him to promote doctoral and post-doctoral research in Africa.
Prof. Mammo is the chief editor and in the editorial board of many scholarly international journals. His positions in the scholarly journals are as follows; Founder Editor- in- Chief: African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, Taylor and Francis; Founder Chief editor, The Ethiopian Electronic Journal for Research & Innovation Foresight (Ee-JRIF); Editor, Journal of Agriculture and Economic Development, Founder Editor in chief of the new journal of Creativity, Innovation and Social Entrepreneurship; Editor: Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics, Academic Journals; Editor: Innovation and Development, Taylor and Francis; Editorial Board member of The Nexus Innovation Journal, Tshwane University of Technology; Institute and Economics (Formally Known as International Journal of Institution and Economics), University of Malaya; Ethiopian Journal of Business and Economics (The), African Journals Online; Journal of Social and Economic Development: Official Publication of Institute for Social and Economic Change; Journal of China and International Relations (CIR) , Aalborg University; Politikon: South African Journal of Political Studies, Taylor and Francis; Financial Innovation, Springer; Social Epistemology, A Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Policy, Taylor and Francis.
He has been a scientific and academic advisor to the local e-Governance research that involved ten African countries on ICT&D funded by IDRC and managed by CAFRAD. He has been appointed as a consultant on UNESCO’s higher education, Research and Knowledge forum. He has served as a post-doctoral mentor in the NRF national postdoctoral Forum.
He has published in the areas of: international political economy, development economics of innovation and the making of African systems of innovation, and new technologies and development across disciplines. Since 1985, he has produced over 375 publications, including books, chapters in books, and articles in internationally accredited journals and entries in institutional publications.