Social Sciences Informing the Debate on a Living and Minimum National Wage

Social Sciences Informing the Debate on a Living and Minimum National Wage 2016-11-03T13:38:25+00:00

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Chair: Dr Molefe Maleka, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa
Panellist: Prof Stuart Carr, Massey University, New Zealand
Panellist: A/Prof Ines Meyer, University of Cape Town, South Africa
Panellist: Mr Craig Raath, 21st Century, South Africa
Panellist: Prof Cecile Schultz, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa
Panellist: Dr Leigh-Anne Dachapalli, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa
Panellist: Mrs Suzette Ragadu, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa
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Currently in South Africa, as well in other countries, a living wage is a topic that has caught researchers’ attention, government officials and labour organisations. There are strong views that its implementation will lead to job losses, where expensive labour will be replaced with machines (Godfrey, Maree, Du Toit & Theron, 2014:176). On the contrary, there is evidence that showed that employees who are paid a living wage, will they will have happy (i.e. job satisfaction, committed to the organisation, engaged and go beyond call of duty) (Carr, Parker, Arrowsmith & Jones, 2015). Similarly, Maleka (2016 ) study revealed  that employees who earned below a perceived living wage of R12 500, their quality of life was adversely affected, they were dissatisfied and compared themselves with those who earned better wages either in higher echelons or same levels. In this session, the following will be discussed:

  • What is a living wage?
  • Theories and evidence on the living wage research; and
  • The importance of developing a business case.

Target audience

This session will be of interest to those who are in management, labour movements and policy making. Attendees will be given information that they will empower them to create employees work-based happiness (i.e. job satisfaction, organisational commitment, engaged) and life satisfaction (i.e. quality of life).
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malekaDr Molefe Maleka
Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa
Chair

From 1998 till 2007 Dr. Molefe Maleka was employed at Nissan South Africa, where his functions included coordinating the graduate programme, skills audits, change management and retrenchment package negotiations. From 2007 till 2011 he was employed at Eskom as a Learning and Design Senior Advisor, involved in project management and material development. Dr. Maleka obtained a doctorate degree in Sociology from University of South Africa in 2012. Currently Dr. Maleka is employed at Tshwane University of Technology (TUT) as the Head of the Department People Management and Development (PMD). Dr. Maleka leads part-time and permanently employed academics and administrative staff. Dr Maleka has published in international and national conference proceedings and in an international journal. Dr. Maleka research interest is in job satisfaction, transformation and living wage. From 2014 to 2016, Dr. Maleka successfully supervised seven MBA student, and three M-Tech students. Dr Maleka is a member of the Global Living Organisation Wage (Glow) and in February 2016 Dr Maleka presented a paper titled, “The Importance of living in South Africa”, at a seminar at Massey University in New Zealand. Dr. Maleka presented a paper titled, “Narratives of employees visiting Tshwane mall who earn above and below an estimated living wage” at a Global Business and Technology Association conference held in Dubai on the 19th October 2016. Together with the PMD esteemed researchers they are busy with two living wages research projects. His two students’ proposals on living wages have been approved at the Management Sciences research committee in September 2016. Dr. Maleka is a member of the Institute of People Management designation committee.
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carrProf Stuart Carr
Massey University, New Zealand
Panellist

Stuart C. Carr is Professor of Psychology, Industrial and Organizational (I/O) Psychology Programme, Massey University, New Zealand. He coordinated the Poverty Research Group, an international network focused on poverty reduction through decent work, and co-coordinates the End Poverty and Inequality Cluster (EPIC), which includes a focus on transitions from precariacious labour to decent work and living wages. He currently coordinates Project G.L.O.W. (for Global Living Organizational Wage), a multi-country, multi-generational, interdisciplinary study of the links between decent wages (in purchasing power parity), and sustainable livelihoods for the eradication of poverty – the primary UN Sustainable Development Goal (SDG1). Stuart co-convened a Global Task Force for Humanitarian Work Psychology, promoting Decent Work aligned with local stakeholder needs, in partnership with global development agencies. He was a lead investigator on Project ADDUP, a multi-country DFID/ESRC-funded study of pay and remuneration diversity between national and international labour in developing economies. Stuart is a Fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand, the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, and the New Zealand Psychological Society. He is a previous Editor of the Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology, and is the incoming Editor for International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation, which supports the SDGs.
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meyerA/Prof Ines Meyer
University of Cape Town, South Africa
Panellist

Ines Meyer (PhD, UCT) is Associate Professor in Organizational Psychology at the University of Cape Town (UCT). She moved to South Africa after completing her Psychology degree at Phillips University Marburg (Germany). She focuses on applying organizational psychology principles to contribute to the alleviation of poverty and to create more humane workplaces and sustainable communities. Her initial involvement in this field was as an organizational development practitioner with Community Based Organizations. She continues to consult to non-governmental organizations in the fields of strategy and organizational development. She has been nominated for a UCT distinguished teachers’ award and serves on UCT’s Social Responsiveness Committee. Ines regularly presents at scientific conferences, winning a best paper award at the 7th Equality, Diversity and Inclusion International Conference. She has published locally and internationally and was featured in The Industrial Psychologist in 2014. She is a reviewer for various local and international journals, currently co-edits a special edition on humanitarian work psychology for the Journal of Organizational Behavior and was the initiator and co-organizer of the first Political Psychology in South Africa conference (2014). She is a member of the Global Organisation of Humanitarian Work Psychology (GOHWP) and the SIOP United Nations Committee.
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raathMr Craig Raath
21st Century, South Africa
Panellist

Craig Raath, Executive Director at 21st Century, has consulted to over 500 organisations – both in Southern Africa and internationally. Craig holds a Bachelor of Commerce Degree, Majoring in Business Economics and Industrial Psychology. Areas of work include incentive scheme design, employee value proposition, financial modelling, performance management systems, salary structuring, strategy and policy development and general Executive remuneration consulting. He also sits on and advises a number of Board Committees. Craig has written numerous articles and speaks at several conferences on various remuneration topics as a recognised industry specialist.
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schultzProf Cecile Schultz
Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa
Panellist

Cecile Schultz (D-Tech, TUT) is an associate Prof in Human Resource Management and is employed at the Tshwane University of Technology (TUT) in South Africa since 1994. She has lectured subjects such as Personnel Management, Organisational Behaviour and Management of Training. Her BCom (Industrial Psychology) degree was obtained from the University of North West, the BCom Honours (Human Resource Management) degree from the University of Pretoria and the MCom (Industrial Psychology) degree from the University of South Africa. One of her current main duties is to supervisor post graduate students. She is also the section head in post graduate studies and research at TUT. Cecile has published articles in various local and international journals. Her passion to make a difference in life through research has lead to the involvement in the living wage project with Massey University in New Zealand. She has co-authored a book and a workbook with the title “Reinventing HR” which has been published by Knowledge Resources. Lastly, Cecile is involved at the People Upliftment Programme (POPUP) for the last six years where she gives training to unemployed people in order to prepare them for the workplace.
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dachapalliDr Leigh-Anne Dachapalli
Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa
Panellist

Leigh-Anne Dachapalli is currently a Senior Lecturer and Section Head for B-Tech in the Department of People Management and Development at Tshwane University of Technology (TUT), where she has been a faculty member since November 2012. Leigh-Anne’s career in academia started in 2001 where she took up employment as a lecturer at a private university. She is currently lecturing the Advanced Management of Training on the B-Tech level and is supervising and co-supervising a number of Masters and Phd students. Leigh-Anne has 15 years of academic experience with numerous institutions. Leigh-Anne completed her D. Admin in Human Resource Management at the University of KwaZulu-Natal in 2011, titled “The level of, and relationship between, job insecurity and locus of control in an environment undergoing major restructuring.” Her research interest include, job satisfaction, job insecurity, locus of control, organisational commitment, employee engagement, amongst others. Leigh-Anne is registered as a Chartered HR practitioner with the South African Board for People Practice. Leigh-Anne has received many awards such as: Received the Research Recognition award – Unisa, Received the Deans Achievers award – Unisa, Awarded the Emerging Researchers Grant – TUT, Received NRF bursary awards for Master’s and Doctoral. Involved with the collaborative project on Living wage with Massey University. Leigh-Anne lives in Pretoria with her husband Chandu who is a Research Analyst at the South African Revenue Services and their 2 daughters Janelle (6 years) and Likhitha (3 years). Leigh-Anne was the last born of 5 siblings. During her free time, she likes spending time with her husband and especially her kids; she likes to adventure out and also likes to relax at the beach during the vacation.
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ragaduMrs Suzette Ragadu
Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa
Panellist

Suzette Ragadu is a lecturer in the Department of People Management and Development at Tshwane University of Technology (TUT) and has been a faculty member since June 2013. She lectures Personnel Management III and Industrial Relations whilst co-supervising 4 Masters’ students of which two students’ proposal are based on Living wage studies. Her highest qualification is MComm in Industrial Psychology at the University of Stellenbosch in 2007 and registered as Psychologist – Independent Practice (Industrial Psychology) with HPCSA. Suzette’s Postgraduate qualifications includes two Honours degrees (Business Management and Industrial Psychology, respectively) and a Higher Diploma in Education (Post grad) attained at the University of Western Cape. Apart from her tenure at TUT, Suzette also lectured HRM honours and undergraduate courses at UNISA. Suzette’s career started as a secondary school teacher and her experience includes an HR Practitioner in the private sector, Student Councillor at Unisa and Industrial Psychologist in private practice. Her research interests range in the areas of Living Wage, Coaching, Quality of Life and Worklife, Work/Life Balance, Transformation and Change management, Gender studies, Education, Organisational Behaviour and HIV/Aids in the workplace. Suzette is registered with the South African Board of People Practices as a Master HR Practitioner and currently serves as vice-chairperson of the branch committee of SABPP North-West.
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