Promoting Research Integrity: Increasing awareness in diverse, and African, settings.

Moderator/Co-chair: Prof Doug Wassenaar
Moderator/Co-chair: Mr Tony Mayer
Presenter: Dr Lyn Horn
Presenter: Dr Rocky Skeef
Presenter: Ms Limbanazo Matandika
Presenter: Prof Mai Har Sham

Dr Lyn Horn

Lyn Horn is a medical doctor with a PhD in Bioethics and is currently the Senior Manager of the Office of Research Integrity at the University of Cape Town (UCT) in South Africa. Prior to her appointment at UCT, she was the Research Integrity Officer at Stellenbosch University for a period of five years. She has also been involved in either chairing or running research ethics committees for the last 15 years and has taught research ethics at several universities over this period, including as a long-standing faculty member for the South African Research Ethics Training Initiative (SARETI) programme. She has been actively involved in developing training courses and workshops in the Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) and has also published on the topic of research integrity in both local and international journals. She provides information and assistance where appropriate to all members of the UCT research community and university ethics committees regarding RCR matters. As an experienced research ethicist she has served on two international Data Safety Monitoring Boards for clinical trials involving paediatric vaccines and is currently the research ethics consultant for two EDCTP clinical trials relating to Tuberculosis and HIV.

Dr Rocky Skeef

Dr Skeef is trained as a biochemist and his postgraduate research focused on the effect of trace elements in the control of cancer cells proliferation through regulation of prostaglandins and cyclic adenosine monophosphate production.

He started his working career as a physiology lecturer at Medunsa, and then moved on to join AECI’s biotechnology research group as a research scientist and was later appointed as the manager for corporate social investment at AECI.

Most of the 17 years of his management and leadership experience have been with the NRF, during which time he has overseen and been instrumental in the development of: the Technology and Human Resources for Industry Programme (THRIP); business and industry partnerships; international relations; corporate communication; marketing; new business development; applied research, innovation and collaboration; and his current responsibility reviews and evaluations (RE). The RE directorate is responsible for all peer-based reviews and/or evaluations of applications for funding, rating of individuals and performance assessment of support instruments.

Mr Tony Mayer

Tony was educated at the University of Manchester graduating as a geologist. He conducted research at Leicester University and University College London. He is a Fellow of the Geological Society, London.

He then joined the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) to pursue a career in research management. In 1984, he moved to the USA in the science planning office of the Ocean Drilling Program, University of Rhode Island. Later he returned to the UK, to head the NERC International Section (including polar sciences and global environmental change research policy).

Tony joined the European Science Foundation (ESF) in Strasbourg in 1996 responsible for developing research policy at the European level.

In 2003, he became the first Director of the COST Office. Later he was Science Secretary of the European Commission’s European Research Advisory Board – EURAB

In 2007, he joined NTU as Senior Science Officer/ Associate Registrar, He served as the Research Integrity Officer responsible for research integrity policies and procedures. Now he continues to work part time for the University as its Research Integrity Adviser.

Tony was the Co-Organiser and Co-Chair of the First, Second and Fifth World Conferences on Research Integrity (Lisbon, 2007; Singapore, 2010; and Amsterdam 2017).

Ms Limbanazo Matandika

Ms Limbanazo Matandika is an early career Bioethicist from Malawi. She holds a Master’s Degree in Public Health (MPH) from the University of Malawi, and a Master’s of Social Science in Health Research Ethics from the South African Research Ethics Training Initiative (SARETI) at the University of KwaZulu Natal in South Africa. Limbanazo is employed as a research fellow at the Centre for Bioethics in Eastern and Southern Africa (CEBESA) which is situated in the College of Medicine (CoM), University of Malawi. Before that, she was a Research Governance Administrator at the Malawi-Liverpool-Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme for a period of two years. Limbanazo gained valuable experience in research ethics administration, monitoring of clinical trials, as well as research governance in Malawi while working as an intern with the CoM research ethics committee, and also with the National Health Science Research Ethics Committee in Malawi. She is also involved in teaching Bio-ethics to undergraduate and post-graduate students at the College of Medicine on a part time basis.

Limbanazo is a founding member of the African Research Integrity Network (ARIN) and currently serves on its steering committee

Prof Doug Wassenaar

Professor Doug Wassenaar is a clinical psychologist and professor at the School of Applied Human Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. He is the director of SARETI – South African Research Ethics Training Initiative, a US National Institutes of Health/Fogarty-funded programme offering Masters-degree training in research ethics at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa (2004-present). ea hasd graduated over 65 Masters students to date, and 5 PhD student. He chaired the UKZN Biomedical Research Ethics Committee 2008-2015 and has chaired the Human Sciences Research Council’s Research Ethics Committee since 2006. He is a member of the WHO/UNAIDS Vaccines Advisory Committee. From 2003-2012 he chaired the WHO-UNAIDS African AIDS Vaccine Programme’s (AAVP) Ethics Law and Human Rights Group.  He is a consultant to the HIV AIDS Vaccines Ethics Group (HAVEG) and a research ethics consultant to several African research and ethics programmes. He has conducted ethics reviews for the European Union and served on the Biomedical Ethics and International Public Engagement Committees of the Wellcome Trust. He has conducted research ethics training workshops in over 20 countries and facilitated a retreat for the Ethics Review Committee of the World Health Organisation. He has authored or co-authored over 70 peer-reviewed journal articles, of which over 50 are on research ethics, 20 chapters in books and has been/is the PI or Co-PI on several research and training grants from funders such as the Fogarty International Center of the US National Institutes of Health, UNAIDS, EDCTP and the Wellcome Trust.

Prof Mai Har Sham

Professor Sham is the Associate Vice-President (Research) of the University of Hong Kong. She assists the university senior management team in recommending policies, processes, and strategies for enhancing the University’s research capacity and performance,research integrity, research data management and education, as well as the quality of research postgraduate education in Hong Kong and mainland China.  Professor Sham has delivered plenary and keynote lectures on the roles of universities on research integrity issues in different continents. She is the Co-Chair for the 6th World Conference on Research Integrity to be held in Hong Kong in 2019.

Professor Sham obtained her PhD in Biochemistry from the University of Cambridge. She received her postdoctoral training in Developmental Genetics in the National Institute for Medical Research in London, U.K., before joining the University of Hong Kong. She served as Assistant Dean (Research) and Head of the Department of Biochemistry in the Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, and is currently Convenor of the Research Cluster of Developmental and Stem Cell Biology in the School of Biomedical Sciences at the University of Hong Kong.  Her research programmes cover areas of gene regulation in development, molecular control of neural crest differentiation, genetic bases and mutant mouse models of human diseases, and neural stem cells.

Integrity is the cornerstone of scientific research: Public trust and further uptake of research depends on perceptions of quality, reliability and integrity of researchers and the research process. Fruitful collaboration between researchers relies on mutual respect and shared values. In fact, the advancement and innovations made by scientists rely on the delicate bond of trust and honesty.

Despite growing awareness and acceptance of the importance of research integrity, there is a need to encourage inter-disciplinary, inter-cultural and inter-generational dialogue around issues of research integrity. We need more reflection on how principles of research integrity can be practically interpreted, promoted and implemented in diverse settings, especially in Africa.

This international panel; brought together by the African Research Integrity Network (ARIN), aims to share experiences, challenges and best practice, in raising awareness and considering how different people from diverse background deal with these issues. The speakers are deliberately drawn from diverse backgrounds and settings, from within and outside Africa. We invite all delegates, including policy-makers, civil servants, research funders, researchers, students, educators, NGO practitioners and private entrepreneurs, to help us reflect on issues, and ignite discussions around research integrity, with a special focus on diverse, and African, settings.